Ashwinee

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Ashu di mein aagaya...๐Ÿ˜„
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Ashwinee
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Ashwinee Hey dearie....how are you??
Sakash.
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Sakash. I am fine didi๐Ÿ˜ŠHow are you?
Sakash.
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Sakash. Di aapki PARI aagayi๐Ÿ˜Š
Ashwinee
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Ashwinee Missed you so much Pari...๐Ÿ˜˜๐Ÿ˜˜
Sakash.
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Sakash. Mee too a lot๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒน๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒบ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒธ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผ๐ŸŒผLove you so much AKKA.Bhai aur Ashwin bhai nae bahar gaya.Bhaiyya nae phone di abh๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Šโ˜บโ˜บโ˜บโ˜บโ˜บโ˜บโ˜บ
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WISHING YOU A MERRY CHRISTMAS....
MAY YOU HAVE THE MOST BLESSED YEAR AHEAD AND SANTA FULFILS ALL YOUR WISHES. MAY JESUS BESTOW YOU WITH HAPPINES AND (See more) STRENGTH.
STAY BLESSED AND KEEP SMILING ALWAYS.
๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜™๐Ÿ˜˜
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Ashwinee
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Ashwinee Thank you didu and may god bless you twice as much as he blesses me๐ŸŽ„๐ŸŽ…๐ŸŽ„๐ŸŽ…
Shivika22kapoor
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Shivika22kapoor ๐Ÿ™ˆ๐Ÿ™ˆ๐Ÿ™ˆ you know what???
Shivika22kapoor
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Shivika22kapoor You are one of the most cutest persons I have ever met. Love you loads dear ๐Ÿ˜™๐Ÿ˜™๐Ÿ˜™
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Shivika22kapoor
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Shivika22kapoor ๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿ˜‚ or maybe you were born cute ๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜ my cutie ๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜š
Many more happy returns of the day naanna๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’๐Ÿ’may this birthday be joyous and memorable as every birthday๐Ÿ’ž๐Ÿ’ž๐Ÿ’žThank you for everything you have done

PUTTINA ROJU SHUBHAAKANKSHALU (See more) ๐ŸŽ‰๐ŸŽ‰๐ŸŽ‰
KHUSHI ANNI NEEKU DORAKAALI ANI NAA AASA ๐ŸŽˆ๐ŸŽˆ๐ŸŽˆ
MEE JEEVITHAM SUKHAMAYANGA UNDAALI- IDI NAA KORIKA ๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š
SADAA KAALAM NAVVU MEE MUKHAM LO UNDAALI ๐ŸŽŠ๐ŸŽŠ๐ŸŽŠ
IPPATIKI MEE CHELLI!!!๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„

PS: Do forgive me for the gramatical errors๐Ÿ˜…๐Ÿ˜…
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Sakash.
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Sakash. Hi Nanna.Thank u thank u so so much nanna.It means everything and lot to me.U r the first one to wish me.And these r one of my best birthday wishes in my life.No grammatical mistakes are there.It's a perfect and best one.Love u nanna...๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐ŸŽ„๐ŸŽ„๐ŸŽ„๐ŸŽ…๐ŸŽ…๐ŸŽ…
Ashwinee
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Ashwinee Finally i have done something properly๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š enjoy your day!!
Hi Vennie.This is for u from my side.Hope u liked it nanna๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„
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Ashwinee
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Ashwinee ๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜ but what is this for naanna??
Sakash.
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Sakash. Hi Nanna.This is for christmas and for my birthday(Gift)...Pasandh aayaโ˜บโ˜บโ˜บ
Nanna this sweet and cute teady for u...
๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„
Hope u liked it...
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Ashwinee
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Ashwinee Awww๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜thank you naanna
Sakash.
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Sakash. I am glad u liked it nanna.U welcome๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„๐Ÿ˜„Gud n8.See u.
Formation of a Company: 4 Stages | Business Management

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The formation of a company is a lengthy process. For convenience the whole (See more) process of company formation may be divided into the following four stages: 1. Promotion Stage 2. Incorporation or Registration Stage 3. Capital Subscription Stage 4. Commencement of Business Stage.

Stage # 1. Promotion Stage:

Promotion is the first stage in the formation of a company. The term โ€˜Promotionโ€™ refers to the aggregate of activities designed to bring into being an enterprise to operate a business. It presupposes the technical processing of a commercial proposition with reference to its potential profitability. The meaning of promotion and the steps to be taken in promoting a business are discussed in brief here.

Promotion of a company refers to the sum total of the activities of all those who participate in the building of the enterprise upto the organisation of the company and completion of the plan to exploit the idea. It begins with the serious consideration given to the ideas on which the business is to be based.

According to C.W. Grestembeg, โ€œPromotion may be defined as the discovery of business opportunities and the subsequent organisation of funds, property and managerial ability into a business concern for the purpose of making profits therefrom.โ€

ADVERTISEMENTS:



According to H.E. Heagland, โ€œPromotion is the process of creating a specific business enterprise. Its scope is very broad, and numerous individuals are frequently asked to make their contributions to the programme. Promotion begins when someone gives serious consideration to the formulation of the ideas upon which the business in question is to be based. When the corporation is organised and ready for operation, the major function of promotion comes to an end.โ€

According to Guthmann and Dougall, โ€œPromotion starts with the conception of the idea from which the business is to evolve and continues down to the point at which the business is full, ready to begin operations in a going concern.โ€

Stage # 2. Incorporation or Registration Stage:

Incorporation or registration is the second stage in the formation of a company. It is the registration that brings a company into existence. A company is properly constituted only when it is duly registered under the Act and a Certificate of Incorporation has been obtained from the Registrar of Companies.

Procedure to Get a Company Registered:

In order to get a company registered or incorporated, the following procedure is to be adopted:

ADVERTISEMENTS:



(A) Preliminary Activities:

Before a company is incorporated, the promoter has to take decision regarding the following:

1. To decide the name of the company

2. Licence under Industries Development and Regulation Act, 1951

ADVERTISEMENTS:



(B) Filing of Document with the Registrar:

1. Memorandum of Association

2. Articles of Association

3. List of directors

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4. Written consent of directors

5. Statutory declaration

Certificate of Incorporation:

On the registration of memorandum and other documents, the Registrar will issue a certificate known as the Certificate of Incorporation certifying under his hand that the company is incorporated and, in the case of a limited company that the company is limited.

The specimen of certificate of incorporation is given below:

Certificate of Incorporation

Effects of Incorporation:

The certificate of incorporation is conclusive evidence of the fact that:

(i) The company is properly incorporated and duly registered;

(ii) The terms of the Memorandum and Articles are within the law;

(iii) All requirements of the Act in respect of registration have been complied with;

(iv) A private company can start its business after getting the certificate of incorporation; and

(v) With the issue of certificate, the company takes birth with a separate legal entity.

Stage # 3. Capital Subscription Stage:

A private company or a public company not having share capital can commence business immediately on its incorporation. As such โ€˜capital subscription stageโ€™ and โ€˜commencement of business stageโ€™ are relevant only in the case of a public company having a share capital. Such a company has to pass through these additional two stages before it can commence business.

Under the capital subscription stage comes the task of obtaining the necessary capital for the company.

For this purpose, soon after the incorporation, a meeting of the Board of Directors is convened to deal with the following business:

1. Appointment of the Secretary. In most cases the appointment of pre-tem secretary (who is appointed at the promotion stage) is confirmed.

2. Appointment of bankers, auditors, solicitors and brokers etc.

3. Adoption of draft โ€˜prospectusโ€™ or โ€˜statement in lieu of prospectusโ€™.

4. Adoption of underwriting contract, if any.

Besides the above mentioned business, the Board also decides as to whether:

(i) a public offer for capital subscription is to be made, and

(ii) Listing of shares at a stock exchange is to be secured.

The company will now proceed to obtain the permission of the Controller of Capital Issue, New Delhi, under the Capital Issue Control Act, 1947 if a public offer for sale of shares and debentures exceeding Rs. one crore is to be made during a period of 12 months, unless the issue fulfils the conditions of exemption as laid down in the Capital Issue (Exemption) Order, 1969.

The Capital Issue Control Act, 1947 however, does not apply to a private company, a banking company, an insurance company, and a government company provided it does not make an issue of securities to the general public.

After the above formalities have been completed, the directors of the company file a copy of the โ€˜prospectusโ€™ with the Registrar and invite public to subscribe to the shares of the company by putting the โ€˜prospectusโ€™ in circulation.

Application for shares are received from the public through the companyโ€™s bankers and if the subscribed capital is at least equal to the minimum subscription amount as disclosed in the prospectus, and other conditions of a valid allotment are fulfilled, the directors of the company pass a formal resolution of allotment.

Allotment letters are then posted, return of allotment is filed with the Registrar and share certificates are issued to the allottees in exchange of the allotment letters. If the subscribed capital is less than the minimum subscription or the company could not obtain the minimum subscription within 120 days of the issue of prospectus, all money will be refunded and no allotment can be made.

It may be noted that a public company having a share capital, but not issuing a โ€˜prospectusโ€™ has to file with the Registrar โ€˜a Statement in lieu of Prospectusโ€™ at least three days before the directors proceed to pass the first allotment resolution.

Stage # 4. Commencement of Business Stage:

After getting the certificate of incorporation, a private company can start its business. A public company can start its business only after getting aโ€™ certificate of commencement of businessโ€™.

After getting the certificate of incorporation:

(i) A public company issues a prospectus of inviting the public to subscribe to its share capital,

(ii) A minimum subscription is fixed, and

(iii) The company is required to sell a minimum number of shares mentioned in the prospectus.

After making the sale of the required number of shares a certificate is sent to the Registrar stating this fact, along-with a letter from the banks, that it has received application money for such shares.

The Registrar scrutinizes the documents. If he is satisfied, then issues a certificate known as Certificate of Commencement of Business. This is the conclusive evidence of the commencement of the business.

The specimen of certificate of commencement of business is given below:

Certificate of Commencement of Buiness

Restrictions on the Commencement of Business:

Section 149 of the Companies Act, 1956 has imposed some restrictions on the commencement of business by public companies, which are as follows:

1. Companies which issue a prospectus:

A company having share capital issues prospectus to the general public for subscription of their shares or debentures.

But this company cannot commence business or exercise borrowing powers unless the following formalities are complied with [Sec. 149 (1)]:

(i) The shares payable in cash have been allotted equal to an amount not less than the minimum subscription.

(ii) The directors have taken up and paid for the qualification shares in cash an amount equal to the amount payable by other subscribers on application and allotment.

(iii) No money is liable to become refundable to applicants, because of companyโ€™s failure to apply for, or to get permission for the share or debentures to be dealt in on any recognised stock exchange.

(iv) A statutory declaration duly verified by any one of the company should be filed with the Registrar stating that all conditions given above in (i), (ii) and (iii) have been complied with.

2. Companies which do not issue a prospectus:

A company which has not issued a prospectus must file the following documents with the Registrar or in other words, cannot commence the business unless the following formalities are complied with [Sec. 149 (2)].

(i) A statement in lieu of prospectus has been filed with the Registrar.

(ii) The directors have taken up and paid for the qualification shares in cash an amount equal to the amount payable by other subscribers on application and allotment.

(iii) A statutory declaration duly verified by any one of the directors or secretary of the company that the directors have taken up and paid for the qualification shares in cash an amount equal to the amount payable by other subscribers on application and allotment.
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Sakash.
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Sakash. Nanna read this?U will get some important points from this?Ok...๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Šread the points carefully.
Sakash.
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Sakash. And whatever main points i said glance it once...Ok...๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š
Ashwinee
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Ashwinee Thank you bhai๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š
Sakash.
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Sakash. U welcome nanna...๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š
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Ashu this is my new FF song.Tell me how is it?
And this flowers for u dear.Gud evening...
https://youtu.be/6ffn3S5-6zs (Song link)...
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Ashwinee
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Ashwinee Amazing one di...thank you for this??
Riana
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Pinku
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Pinku Ye tum aur main hain na ria ?
Riana
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Riana Haa u can say that ??
Pinku
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Dear this special bracelet watch for u on ur success from my side...?????Hope u liked it...
Aisa hi tum apna best karna...
I am proud of u (See more) dear...
Gud n8...Take care...
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Ashwinee
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Ashwinee Thank you so much naanna.????love you loads...
Sakash.
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Sakash. Love u too dear???...
Ashwinee Bhai dooj Gift dear...
A beautiful peacock ear rings for u...
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Ashwinee
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Ashwinee Awwwwww thankyou naanna...loved it???
Sakash.
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Sakash. I am glad u liked it dear...???
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